Ashwagandha is a sweet root with secondary bitter qualities. It is found in India and also called "Indian ginseng" is an important ancient plant, the roots of which have been employed in Indian traditional systems of medicine, Ayurveda. The herb has traditionally been used for calming the mind, relieving weakness, nervous exhaustion and arthritis. It grows in dry parts in sub-tropical regions. Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh are the major Ashwagandha producing states of India. In Madhya Pradesh alone it is cultivated in more than 5000 hectare. The estimated production of Ashwagandha roots in India is more than 1500 MT and the annual demand is about 7000 MT which shows the need of increase in its cultivation and higher production.